Schedule A (Form 940) for 2020

Multi-State Employer and Credit Reduction Information

Overview of Schedule A (Form 940)

Employers use Schedule A (Form 940) when required to pay state unemployment tax in more than one state, or if the paid wages in any state are subject to credit reduction. This form must be attached to the Form 940 when filed.

What is Credit Reduction State?

States need sufficient funds on hand to pay their unemployment insurance benefits. If a state does not have enough funds to cover the costs, it must borrow from the federal government. If a state doesn’t repay the federal loan after two years, then it might become a credit reduction state. Employers in these states will not be able to get full credit for their FUTA tax rates.

The Department of Labor determines these credit reduction states.

If an employer pays wages that are subject to the unemployment tax laws of a credit reduction state, then the employer must pay additional federal unemployment tax when filing their Form 940.

States with a credit reduction

Employers in the following states are subject to higher FUTA taxes due to the credit reduction:

States 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
California (CA) 1.8% 2.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
U.S. Virgin Islands (VI) 1.8% 2.1% 2.4% 2.7% 3.0%

How to add Schedule A information to Form 940

If you’re a multi-state employer (operating in more than one state), check the box on line 1b in Form 940. Then fill out Schedule A (Form 940) and attach it to your Form 940. If there are credit reduction states and If you paid wages subject to the unemployment tax laws of these states, check the box on line 2 in Form 940 and fill out Schedule A (Form 940).

Calculate FUTA Tax Rate

To calculate your FUTA tax rate, complete Schedule A (Form 940). Schedule A is a worksheet that lists the applicable tax rates in each state. You can find your credit reduction rate on Schedule A of Form 940. Enter your total credit reduction on line 11 of Form 940.

Note: When you e-file your Form 940 with TaxBandits we will automatically calculate FUTA tax rates.

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