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E-File Form 1042 for the
2023 Tax Year

Annual Withholding Tax Return for U.S. Source Income of Foreign Persons

E-File 1042 for just $5.95/form
The Deadline to File Form 1042 is March 15, 2024. Start Filing Now!

The Growing Significance of 1042 E-Filing in the
2023 Tax Year

The IRS issued final regulations mandating electronic filing of Form 1042 for the following types of withholding agents:

  • If the withholding agents are filing 10 or more returns of any type during the same calendar year.
  • If a withholding agent is a partnership with more than 100 partners.
  • If the withholding agent is a financial institution.

In February 2023, the IRS issued final regulations mandating electronic filing of Form 1042 for certain withholding agents. However, these requirements, initially slated to apply to Forms 1042 due on or after March 15, 2024, have been postponed due to challenges reported by withholding agents.

According to Notice 2024-26, the IRS has administratively exempted U.S. withholding agents from e-filing Form 1042 for the calendar year 2024. Additionally, foreign withholding agents are administratively exempt for both calendar years
2024 and 2025.

For the 2023 reporting period, withholding agents have the option to either continue filing Form 1042 on paper or electronically. The IRS generally recommends e-filing, citing its convenience and enhanced security measures.

How to File 1042 Electronically with TaxBandits?

1042 E-Filing Methods

Manually fill out your Form 1042

Choose our manual entry option; simply enter your 1042 data, validate, and file your returns with the IRS
in minutes.

Bulk upload your 1042 data

With our bulk upload option, you can import your tax liability data and file 1042 returns effortlessly.

Select Form 1042

Select "Form 1042"

Select Withholding Agent and fill in the required information

Select "Select Withholding Agent" and
fill in the required information.

Enter Information & click Save & Continue

Enter Information & click
"Save & Continue"

Enter information & click Save & Continue

Enter information &
click "Save & Continue"

Review Form summary and click Continue

Review Form summary and
click "Continue"

E-Sign using Form 8453-WH

E-Sign using Form 8453-WH

Select Complete Filing & Transmit your return.

Select "Complete Filing" &
Transmit your return.

Click Complete Filing

Get your Form 1042 E-Filed with TaxBandits in Minutes

Standalone Features That Make Your 1042 E-Filing Easier


E-Sign using Form 8453-WH /
Form 8879-WH

You can E-sign your 1042 form using Form 8453-WH (or) Form 8879-WH.


Supports Schedule Q (Form 1042)

Qualified Derivatives Dealers (QDD), can conveniently complete Schedule Q while filing 1042.

Coming soon . . .


Bulk Upload Tax Liability Data

Import all your 1042 data in one go using TaxBandits’ Excel Template.

PRO Features - Exclusive for Tax Professionals!


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Automated Reports

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How to get Extension for
Form 1042 Filing

If you need additional time to submit Form 1042 to the IRS, you can request an extension for up to 6 months by filing Form 7004. Please note that this extension is granted for filing purposes only and does not affect the deadline for paying any taxes owed to the IRS.

How to Amend Your Filed 1042?

If you need to fix mistakes on your filed Form 1042, fill out an amended Form 1042 for the same year. Mark the "Amended Return" box at the top of the form. Complete the entire form with all the necessary details for the calendar year and sign it.

Frequently Asked Questions on 1042 Filing

Form 1042 is a tax form used by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States. It is titled "Annual Withholding Tax Return for U.S. Source Income of Foreign Persons." This form aims to report taxes withheld on certain foreign persons' income, including nonresident aliens, foreign partnerships, foreign corporations, foreign estates, and foreign trusts by U.S.-based institutions or businesses.

Form 1042 is filed by each withholding agent or intermediary who controls or pays a withholding payment, or an amount subject to withholding must be filed as an annual return for the previous calendar year by filing Form 1042 with the IRS.

Withholding Agent

A withholding agent is a U.S. or foreign person who has control of the income of a foreign person that is subject to withholding. A withholding agent can be an individual, trust, estate, partnership, corporation, nominee, government agency, association, or tax-exempt foundation (domestic or foreign).


An intermediary is someone who acts as a custodian, broker, or agent for another person, regardless of their beneficial ownership. There are different types, including:

  • Qualified Intermediary (QI)
  • Withholding Foreign Partnership (WP)
  • Withholding Foreign Trust (WT)
  • Nonqualified Intermediary (NQI)
  • Nonwithholding Foreign Partnership (NWP)
  • Nonwithholding Foreign Trust (NWT)
  • Qualified Derivatives Dealer (QDD)
  • Qualified securities lender (QSL)
  • Foreign financial institution (FFI)
  • Registered deemed-compliant FFI (RDCFFI)
  • Participating FFI (PFFI)
  • Recalcitrant account holder
  • Passive nonfinancial foreign entity (NFFE)

Each has specific roles and responsibilities outlined in these IRS regulations.

Consider the taxpayer or a branch of the taxpayer as a qualified derivatives dealer (QDD) during the tax year. Each QDD must complete and file SCHEDULE Q (Form 1042), Tax Liability of Qualified Derivatives Dealer (QDD) in such cases. Regardless of whether the QDD has any tax liability, the taxpayer must file Schedule Q as an attachment to Form 1042.

The following updates have been made to Form 1042 for the 2023 tax year:

Electronic Filing

New electronic filing requirements apply to Form 1042. Starting from the 2023 tax year, withholding agents, particularly financial institutions and those filing 10 or more information returns annually or partnerships with over 100 partners, must file 1042 electronically with the IRS. However, based on the feedback from the Withholding agents about issues moving to the electronic filing of Form 1042, the IRS has said that it is postponing the e-filing requirement.

According to IRS Notice 2024-26, U.S. withholding agents are administratively exempt from the Form 1042 e-filing requirement for calendar year 2024. Foreign withholding agents will be administratively exempt for the calendar years 2024 and 2025.

Section 1446(f) withholding

Beginning with tax year 2023, withholding agents acting as brokers for publicly traded partnership interest transfers are now required to withhold tax under Internal Revenue Code Section 1446(f) and report this withholding on Form 1042 submitted to the IRS.

Revised QI Agreement and QDD reporting

The qualified intermediary (QI) agreement in Revenue Procedure 2022-43 takes effect on January 1, 2023, following the QI agreement in Revenue Procedure 2017-15, which ended in December 2022. According to the QI agreement, every QI that was a "qualified derivatives dealer" (QDD) or had a QDD branch during the tax year must file Schedule Q (Form 1042) for the 2023 tax year.

All withholding agents must have their Chapter 3 and 4 status codes regardless of the payments reported on Form 1042.

Chapter 3 - Based on Type of Income

Chapter 3 withholding under sections 1441-1443 generally applies a 30% statutory withholding rate to payments of FDAP income or gains from U.S. sources, but only if they are not effectively connected with the U.S.

Chapter 4 (FATCA) - Reporting Requirements for FFI

Chapter 4 withholding requires a withholding agent to withhold 30% of withholdable payments made to an entity that is an FFI unless the withholding agent can treat the FFI as a participating FFI, deemed-compliant FFI, or exempt beneficial owner.

The Form 1042 due date is on March 15, 2024, for the 2023 tax year. It is important to note that failure to file Form 1042 by the deadline or not requesting an extension may result in penalties.

If you need to fix mistakes on your filed Form 1042, fill out an amended Form 1042 for the same year. Mark the "Amended Return" box at the top of the form. Complete the entire form with all the necessary details for the calendar year and sign it.

These tax forms, despite sharing specific characteristics, fundamentally differ. The crucial distinction lies in the amount they report. Form 1042 is an annual withholding tax form primarily designed to report the tax withheld from a foreign person's income earned in the United States. On the other hand, Form 1042-S centers on payments made to foreign persons, emphasizing the transaction details rather than focusing on withholding amounts. Form 1042 is filed and submitted to the IRS by the business entity, whereas Form 1042-S is filed with the IRS on behalf of the payment recipient, with additional copies distributed directly to the recipient.

Late filing can result in Form 1042 penalties. The penalties range from 5% to 25% of the unpaid tax for each month or partial month that the return is overdue. While this penalty can accrue over time, it is capped at 25% of the unpaid tax. Therefore, the longer the delay, the higher the potential penalties, possibly reaching a quarter of the unpaid tax amount.

Helpful Videos to File 1042 Electronically

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