IRS Form 1099-Q - Overview

Updated on August 25, 2022 - 10:30 AM by Admin, TaxBandits

Form 1099-Q is an IRS Tax form that is sent to individuals who receive distributions from qualified educational programs such as a Coverdell education savings account (ESA) or a 529 plan. Depending on how the money is spent, the distribution can be taxable.

In this article, we cover the following topics:

1. What is a 1099-Q Form used for?

Form 1099-Q is an IRS tax fax form used to report the distributions from qualified education programs, including Coverdell Education savings accounts (ESAs) and 529 plans. This form is issued to the individual who receives distributions from these educational programs.

Depending on how the account holder spends the money, distributions can be taxable. Depending on the withdrawals made, the information on Form 1099-Q must be reported to the IRS and state agencies.

As an example, let’s assume that a parent set up a Coverdell ESA plan for their child one year ago. When the child uses the distributions from the Coverdell ESA plan towards their college tuition/expenses, they will receive a copy of Form 1099-K from the account administrator.

2. Who Must File a 1099-Q?

Generally, the administrator or employee who handles and manages the educational plans (Coverdell ESAs and 549 Plans) is responsible for filling Form 1099-Q with the IRS and sending a copy to the beneficiary who receives the distribution.

If the distribution was not made to the beneficiary(Student) or directly to the educational institute(schools, colleges) for the benefit of the beneficiary, the Form 1099-Q should be sent to the account owner who receives the distribution.

The beneficiary uses Form 1099-Q to review the distribution received from the qualified education program.

Distributions aren’t taxable if the distribution doesn’t exceed the amount qualified for the student's expenses. The beneficiary doesn’t need to report the amount in their tax return.

Distributions are taxable if the distribution amount exceeds the amount qualified for the student's expenses. The beneficiary needs to report the amount in their tax return.

3. When is the Form 1099-Q Due?

The administrator should send Form 1099-Q to the beneficiary for any year the beneficiary takes the distribution.

The deadline for sending a recipient copy of Form 1099-Q to the beneficiary falls on January 31st.

The deadline to mail a paper copy of Form 1099-Q to the IRS is February 28th.

The deadline to e-file Form 1099-Q with the IRS is March 31st.

4. How to E-File Form 1099-Q with TaxBandits?

Follow the steps below to easily complete and e-file Form 1099-Q with TaxBandits.

  • Step 1:Create an account with TaxBandits
  • Step 2:Enter the information required on Form 1099-Q
  • Step 3:Review and transmit the form to the IRS

Get started with TaxBandits today. E-file Form 1099-Q in minutes and get instant IRS updates on your filing status. Pricing starts as low as $0.80/form.


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